An annual eye examination provides the best defense against the possibility of eye disease and many other medical conditions. Early onset macular degeneration, glaucoma and cataracts can be detected and risks can be reduced through early detection and treatment through eye exams. Other potentially life-threatening conditions such as heart disease, hypertension, diabetes, and some forms of cancer can sometimes be detected through a comprehensive eye examination.
A comprehensive geriatric, adult and pediatric eye examination typically includes taking a medical history and involves questions about health, life style, medications, and past eye diseases or surgeries. A patient’s visual acuity and refractive error is measured using eye charts and automated refracting instruments. These measurements determine the need for corrective lenses and, if so, the specific prescription. The front of the eye is viewed using a slit lamp microscope to check the cornea, anterior chamber, iris and lens. The inside of the eye is often examined using drops to dilate the pupils. Any retinal or optic nerve problems inside of the eye can be identified using retinal imaging technology.
The eye pressure is measured using an instrument called a tonometer. We do not use an air puff tonometer often found in non-private eye care centers. After the examination, corrective lenses may be prescribed with spectacle lenses and/or contact lenses. We specialize in pre and post- operative laser vision correction. Additional diagnostic testing and/or treatment can be scheduled, if necessary.
For those 65 and older, annual examinations are strongly recommended. Possible eye disease could be present even without the presence of symptoms or difficulties in seeing. For example, there are no obvious early symptoms associated with glaucoma – a disease that progresses very slowly.
Eighty percent of what children learn is visual. Among school-aged children, 6-11 years old, an estimated 5.3 million have vision problems. Eyesight plays an essential role in learning, yet many children have a vision problem and aren’t aware of it. They may be too young to read, too young to fully communicate, or simply don’t recognize that their eyesight isn’t optimal or is changing.
Comprehensive eye exams are necessary to detect any problems that a simple screening can miss, such as eye coordination, lazy eye, and nearsightedness, farsightedness and astigmatism. A child’s vision might change frequently, so regular eye and vision care is crucial to a child’s success and overall development.