As we age, our eyes go through many changes that can affect our vision. These changes include decreased pupil size, reduced tear production, and an increased risk of eye diseases such as cataracts, macular degeneration, and glaucoma. However, there are steps you can take to maintain good vision as you get older. Here are some tips to keep in mind:
Get regular eye exams
As you age, it’s important to get your eyes checked by an optometrist at least once a year. Regular eye exams can help detect and treat eye problems early on, which can prevent them from getting worse.
Maintain a healthy diet
Eating a diet rich in fruits and vegetables, especially those with antioxidants, can help protect your eyes from age-related diseases. Foods that are high in omega-3 fatty acids, such as salmon and tuna, can also help maintain healthy vision.
Smoking can increase the risk of developing cataracts and macular degeneration, as well as other health problems. Quitting smoking can improve your overall health and help protect your eyes.
Wearing sunglasses that provide 100% UV protection can help prevent damage to your eyes from the sun. This is especially important for older adults, as they are more susceptible to eye damage from UV rays.
Use proper lighting
Proper lighting can reduce eye strain and make it easier to read and perform other activities. Use bright, indirect lighting and avoid glare from windows and computer screens.
If you spend a lot of time reading, using a computer, or doing other close work, take breaks to rest your eyes. Look away from the screen or page every 20 minutes and focus on something at least 20 feet away for 20 seconds.
Manage chronic conditions
Conditions like high blood pressure, diabetes, and cholesterol can increase the risk of eye diseases. Managing these conditions through medication, diet, and exercise can help protect your eyes.
By following these tips, you can protect your vision as you get older. If you’re at a higher risk for eye diseases or have any eye health concerns, contact us today to schedule an eye exam in Newport or Waterville!